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  • Disclaimer: Any opinions, findings, and recommendations expressed in the group area discussions are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Government, the Department of Transportation, or the Federal Highway Administration.
Post
Edited: 4/24/2012 8:36 AM
Melissa Dickard

fish and explosives

Just came across an interesting question.  Does anyone know of research on the effects of land-based explosives on fish in nearby streams?  The project proponent is proposing the use of explosives to construct a road near a fish-bearing stream and there is a question about how to analyze impacts.  Not seeing much in the literature--just the use of explosives underwater, like for oil drilling.
2011-12-12 16:42:59
Posted: 4/24/2012 8:36 AM
Bay Bridge
12/14/2011 1:37 PM
Posted: 4/24/2012 8:36 AM
Bostwick MaineDOT
Both the Alaska and Canadian Guidance discuss predicted overpressure from charges placed in substrate adjacent to waters, and how the pressure reacts in bedrock.
12/14/2011 11:30 AM
Posted: 4/24/2012 8:36 AM
Stephanie M. Stoermer
Not aware of studies that deal with the effects of explosives used on land--only studies that deal with the use of explosives underwater. Check out NCHRP Research Results Digest 363
HYDROACOUSTIC IMPACTS ON FISH FROM PILE INSTALLATION October 2011  onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rrd_363.pdf
The bilbliographic information may be helpful with your search.
12/13/2011 4:04 PM
Posted: 4/24/2012 8:36 AM
A Hartell
There were some papers presented at the 2011 International Conference on Ecology and Transportation on noise impacts for fish (and other wildlife).  The proceedings are not yet released, but you could contact the authors directly. 

1. Puget Sounds: A Summary of Recent Underwater and Airborne Noise Measurements from Marine Waters of Washington State
Jim Laughlin, Washington State Department of Transportation, Shoreline, WA, USA

2. Minimizing Impact Pile Driving Hydroacoustic Effects on 14 Species of Endangered Species Act Listed Fish: Tales from a Mega-Project
Sharon Rainsberry, Columbia River Crossing Project, Vancouver, WA, USA

ICOET website with full list of presentations here:
www.icoet.net/ICOET_2011/preliminary-program.asp
12/13/2011 3:10 PM
Posted: 4/24/2012 8:36 AM
R Bostwick MaineDOT
For ESA consultation, we have reviewed blasting Guidline as they may involve Endangered Species and stream habitats (and bridge removal). We have not done an analysis or made any measurements but have reccomended these if a contractor wants to persue a blasting option.  As a start, we find that the State of Alaska, DF&G,  and the Canadian Dept of Fisheries and Oceans have guidelines 
Canada DFO/MPO:
www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/habitat/role/141/1415/14155/explosives-explosifs/page03-eng.asp

Alaska
www.adfg.alaska.gov/static/license/.../adfg_blasting_standards.pdf
12/13/2011 1:15 PM
Posted: 4/24/2012 8:36 AM
Suggest registering at CTE's WIldlife Fisheries and Transportation Listserv and reposting your question to the community-of-practitioners you'll find there.

www.itre.ncsu.edu/CTE/gateway/home.asp
12/13/2011 1:05 PM